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PSYCHOPHARMACOLOGY
Browsing articles in "Child Psychiatry"

 

Impact of COVID-19 on Families and Individuals With Autism
May 7, 2020   

During this unprecedented time of social isolation and disruption to normal, everyday activities, nearly every American has been affected in one way or another. However, for those suffering with autism and their caregivers, the...
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Prevalence and Risk Factors for Suicidality in Preadolescent Children
March 19, 2020   

It is estimated that the prevalence of suicide among preadolescent children has tripled over the past ten years; however, suicidality has been somewhat understudied in this population as most studies concentrate on adolescents. In this study...
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Incidence Rates and Cumulative Incidences of the Full Spectrum of Diagnosed Mental Disorders in Childhood and Adolescence
February 24, 2020   

Among children and adolescents, mental disorders account for the most years lived with disability; however, evidence on the incidence of the full spectrum of mental disorders during this developmental period is lacking. The current population-based cohort study examined incidence and risk of...
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Acetaminophen and the Risk of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder and Autism Spectrum Disorder in Childhood
February 21, 2020   

Studies have shown an association between self-reported maternal acetaminophen use during pregnancy and risk of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and autism spectrum disorder in offspring; however...
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Severe Clinical Consequences of Childhood Abuse and Neglect
February 10, 2020   

l infarction, cerebrovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, asthma, cancer, and overall lowered life expectancy. In this article, the authors review the current state of research regarding the association of early childhood abuse/neglect with development of psychiatric illness, particularly mood disorders such as...
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Childhood Maltreatment and Adult Amygdala Function: Timing Matters
August 16, 2019   

Abnormal patterns of hyperactive and hypoactive amygdala responses have been associated with inappropriate social behaviors. Childhood maltreatment is often...
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Suicide Trends in Youths: Disproportionate Rise in Rates Among Females
June 1, 2019   

In a recent cross-sectional study using period trend analysis of United States (US) suicide victims aged 10-19 years old from January 1, 1975 to December 31, 2016 to investigate trends in suicide among US youth. Period trends in suicide rates by sex and...
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Saffron for Pediatric ADHD?
March 28, 2019   

Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common mental health issue among children and adolescents, affecting ~7% of school-age children. Existing treatments include stimulant medications (e.g., methylphenidate) and non-stimulants (e.g., atomoxetine), which work on dopaminergic and noradrenergic systems. These treatments are effective for some, but not all...
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FDA Says Varenicline Is Not Effective in Children
March 11, 2019   

The nicotinic receptor agonist, varenicline, is a useful tool that has helped many nicotine-addicted adults with cessation from use of tobacco products. However, the FDA has recently updated the varenicline label highlighting that varenicline...
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Risk of Death Associated with Antipsychotic Use in Adolescents?
December 14, 2018   

Despite their inherent risks, antipsychotics are often prescribed off-label for a number of psychiatric conditions, including ADHD and depression. In a recent study, investigators looked at data ...
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